Life Out/In the Valley
orange-is-the-new-confession:

"Suzanne deserves to be happy throughout S3."

orange-is-the-new-confession:

"Suzanne deserves to be happy throughout S3."

citations for why “theory of mind” is bullshit

this-reading-by-lightning:

this is the brief synopsis (in articles/citations) of over a years work reading basically everything ever written on these subjects. i still study them. i plan to continue studying them. but i want to crowdsource knowledge of this stuff, because “theory of mind” (as applied to autistic people, and as applied elsewhere) is actually an intellectual farce. here is why, if you’re up to reading:

why theory of mind is psychological/cognitive bullshit:

"The weirdest people in the world?" by Henrich, Heine and Norenzayan in Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33

  • it’s bullshit because 99% of psychological research is sooo non-representative of humanity as a whole that it’s not. even. funny.

"Joint Attention: Twelve Myths" by David A. Leavens in Joint Attention (2013)

  • theory of mind is bullshit because this is literally the greatest thing you’ll read in a long, long time. i would propose marriage to david leavens solely on the basis of this piece. all his other work? ALSO GREAT. but thisss. this was published IN THE SAME VOLUME as (and was actually the chapter right before) work by almost ALL the most famous social psychology/’theory of mind’ researchers in the world. 
  • if you ever wanted to read someone INTELLECTUALLY WHOOPING SIMON BARON COHENS ASS IN A PUBLIC FORUM this is what you’ve been waiting for your whole life.
  • these arguments are on the topic of comparative psychology (i.e. comparing humans and other species—in this case, other ape/primate species) but they are like ALL relevant to human developmental psychology.

"Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Investigation of Primate Intersubjectivity" by Racine, Leavens, Susswein, and Wereha, in Enacting Intersubjectivity (2008)

  • theory of mind is bullshit because the people who do all that research on babies and chimps and whatever else and autistic people and whatever…those people? yeah, they’re heinous at theoretical science AND heinous at experimental science. and here’s a discussion of why this is so by some great primatologists/comparative psychologists who work with non-human primates (including david leavens my boo). 

why theory of mind is anthropological/cultural bullshit:

"Toward a cultural phenomenology of intersubjectivity: The extended relational field of the Tzotzil Maya of highland Chiapas, Mexico" by Kevin Groark in Language and Communication 33

"Speaking the Devil’s language: Ontological challenges to Mapuche intersubjectivity" by Magnus Course in Language and Communication 33

  • (preface about anthropology: these are nerdy white male anthropologists acting as authorities on non-white, non-western cultures to which they do not belong. i dislike ethnography 99.9% of the time for these reasons, but these articles are tolerably not-dickish and very insightful/relevant, so i’m citing them)
  • theory of mind is bullshit because none (NONE) of the “normal human social development” or “normal human social assumptions” that theory of mind researchers constantly reference are consistently present in cultures besides highly industrialized western cultures.

why theory of mind is sociological/ethical bullshit:

"The Pathos of ‘Mindblindness’: Autism, Science, and Sadness in ‘Theory of Mind’ Narratives" by John Duffy and Rebecca Dorner in Journal of Literary and Cultural Disability Studies 5:2

"Minds Between Us: Autism, mindblindness and the uncertainty of communication" by Anna McGuire and Rod Michalko in Educational Philosophy and Theory 43:2

  • boom boom boom theory of mind is bullshit because its so obviously an idea people have made up specifically to tell certain stories about autistic people AND about neurotypical people. and those stories they tell with theory of mind? they’re not innocent or neutral WHATSOEVER. they make up theories like this for a reason.

AND THEN the best of the best. this was published around the end of my year of researching this, when i had been told by my advisor that i needed to publish on the topic, and when i was sitting around saying “my life is in shambles, i am almost getting kicked out of school, all because i can’t write, how could i possibly write this now? but it needs to be written?” and then i saw this one morning, and spent the rest of the day dancing around campus. i squealed when i saw the title. just knowing that someone else was thinking about this in similar ways was enough to pull me through that time. i love this piece:

"Clinically Significant Disturbance: On Theorists who Theorize Theory of Mind" by Melanie Yergeau in Disability Studies Quarterly 33:4

hisaofukayamas:

michaeltrucco:

I THINK ABOUT THIS A LOT

THEY DIDNT FOLLOW THE GAME THE GAME FUCKIN FOLLOWED THEM

yungmethuselah:

Tbh “transtrender” sounds like an app for keeping up with your favorite trans celebrities’ careers. Like, you set your Transtrender to alert you to Lea T’s upcoming photoshoots and interviews and to display what runways she and Carmen are walking. Transtrender tells you when Laverne Cox is nominated for an award. It links you to videos of her acceptance speeches. Is Janet Mock doing a book signing in your area? Find out with Transtrender!

the-average-gatsby:

alright you guys have posted some pretty bad jokes on here but not one comes close to this doozy

brace yourselves

so there’s a far-off place that consists of a perfectly triangular lake surrounded by land, with three kingdoms on the three sides of the lake. the first kingdom is rich and powerful, filled with wealthy, prosperous people. the second kingdom is more humble, but has its fair share of wealth and power, too. the third kingdom is struggling and poor, and barely has an army.

the kingdoms eventually go to war over control of the lake, as it’s a valuable resource to have. the first kingdom sends 100 of their finest knights, clad in the best armor and each with their own personal squire. the second kingdom sends 50 of their knights, with fine leather armor and a few dozen squires of their own. the third kingdom sends their one and only knight, an elderly warrior who has long since passed his prime, with his own personal squire.

the night before the big battle, the knights in the first kingdom drink and make merry, partying into the late hours of the night. the knights in the second kingdom aren’t as well off, but have their own supply of grog and also drink late into the night.

in the third camp, the faithful squire gets a rope and slings it over the branch of a tall tree, making a noose, and hangs a pot from it. he fills the pot with stew and has a humble dinner with the old knight.

the next morning, the knights in the first two kingdoms are hung over and unable to fight, while the knight in the third kingdom is old and weary, unable to get up. in place of the knights, the squires from all three kingdoms go and fight. the battle lasts long into the night, but by the time the dust settled, only one squire was left standing - the squire from the third kingdom.

and it just goes to show you that the squire of the high pot and noose is equal to the sum of the squires of the other two sides

christel-thoughts:

dynastylnoire:

doriansennui:

think-progress:

Debra Harrell, mom who let her 9-year-old play in the park alone, has been fired from her job at McDonald’s.

This country is sick. Criminalizing WoC no matter what they do.

TERRIBLE
is there a go fund me for her?

yes, there is a youcaring site for her here

christel-thoughts:

dynastylnoire:

doriansennui:

think-progress:

Debra Harrell, mom who let her 9-year-old play in the park alone, has been fired from her job at McDonald’s.

This country is sick. Criminalizing WoC no matter what they do.

TERRIBLE

is there a go fund me for her?

yes, there is a youcaring site for her here

people: you just want everything to be gay
me: yes

boyexemplified:

anarcho-cynicalism:

further proof that god is real and hates canada

so it would seem

indytaker:

-__-

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litahalford:

please for the love of god don’t make Kofi, Big E and Xavier heel just bc they’re black men who are tired of systematic racism

please let this act as both a well deserves push for 3 incredibly deserved talents and a lesson about the abundant racism existing in wrestling

PLEASE LET THIS BE A GOOD THING

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